Persian Halvah

by My Persian Kitchen on October 23, 2009


I started writing this post over a month ago.  I was having such a hard time writing and spent an hour in front of the computer and only managed to write the first three paragraphs.  Then something too close to home happened.  Sadly, a dear friend passed away suddenly and unexpectedly.  After that I had no desire to sit and write this post because I knew my friend’s loss would find its way into my writing.

This whole post started with the passing of my dear friend Cathy’s mom.  We attended the funeral, first going to the burial  at the top of the hill in Green Hills Memorial Park. This is a beautiful cemetery and the location of the grave had a gorgeous view of  Port of Los Angeles and the surrounding areas.  After the burial we went to Cathy’s house where a delicious buffet of food awaited us.  For the occasion I made Halvah.

I have always loved Halvah as it is such a delicate and delicious sweet. Unfortunately, for the most part you end up eating Halvah at funerals as this is the ceremony that this dish is mainly associated with.  I suppose you could make it on your own if you wanted to but seriously, it has always bummed me out that such delicious dish is made and consumed under such unfortunate circumstances.

While in Iran I went to very few funerals, as I was very young.  But I can tell you this, from a child’s prospective they were awfully traumatic.  Everyone is dressed in black and the mourners are not shy about displaying their sorrow. What I mean  is that there is a lot crying.   The set up for each funeral usually was the same,  chairs were placed around the circumference of the room.  The guests quietly interacted with each other and kept their voices low.  Family members or close friends of the family would walk around and offer guests tea and sweets, amongst which was Halvah.  I was completely intimidated by the whole process.  I think what made it so traumatic for me was the fact that there was such a public display of sorrow,  which I am OK with, but it always felt like it was over the top, simply said it was very dramatic.  I always wondered if they did that on purpose, just to show that they were really really really heart broken. There was such a immense sense of loss and agony expressed by the mourners.  It felt as though any moment they were going to faint from the intensity with which they whipped and rocked back and fourth.  Of course there would always be family members and friends who sat close by and comforted the mourners, nevertheless, it felt as though the oxygen would ever so slowly sucked out of the room.  The whole room was filled with the very low whispers of those sitting around and the loud cries of those who were close to the deceased. Dra.Ma.Tic.

Years later I attended my very first “western” funeral here in LA. Wow, what a difference.  The loss was under such a sad circumstance and I was expecting the worst. A family friend’s twenty something  son had accidentally shot himself while playing “Russian Roulette” with his gun.  People mourned during the burial and then during the post burial gathering people actually interacted with each other comfortably.  Conversations varied from reminiscing about the person who had passed away to other non-related conversations.  There was laughter when talking about some happy memories.  And OH. MY. GOD, they played music. Let me repeat this: they played music. Not any type of music mind you, but the kind that the person who had passed on liked to listen to.  Playing music at a Persian funeral is unheard of. I am mean if anything, it is such an insult to the dead and the family.

Upon my friend’s passing a  memorial service was held for him.  It was such a wonderful ceremony which truly celebrated him and his life, which anyone can attest that he lived to the fullest.

With this said, I would like to dedicated this post to my dear friend Russ who passed away on September 11, 2009 a few days shy of his 53rd birthday.  His passing was a huge loss to those of us who knew him. He was a kind and generous soul. I met him on a camping trip in Catalina in September of 2005. Since then we shared many fun hiking, camping, and backpacking adventures  together.  He was the one who helped me purchase all of my gear, as he was the expert in the subject matter. We often carpooled together to the various hikes or camping trips that we went to.  He always showed up to parties and never ran out of subjects to talk to people about, ranging from latest events, hole in the wall restaurants, sci fi, his travels, and his various hobbies. Those of us who knew him well, chuckled when he told the same stories to the new people that he met.


Russ had a heart attack earlier this year, which came as a surprise to us because he was very active.  He has spent the recent months taking it easy and recuparating. I take much comfort in the fact that I saw him at a mutual friend’s gathering 5 days before he passed.  He tried the couple of Persian dishes that I had made and liked them both!  I also take much comfort in having gone to his memorial service where a 150 seat room was filled to capacity with people standing in the isles.  For once the four groups in his life came together: his family, his work collegues and friends, his dancing friends, and us, his adventure group friends.  It was a wonderful memorial highlighted with two slide shows and  many wonderful speeches by those who knew him.

When they opened up the floor for anyone to come down and share a memory, I made my way to the mic and shared our favorite little story.  We met in the showers. Precisely, in the men’s shower.  It is a known fact that women take forever to shower. I had just gotten back from snorkeling and got tired of waiting for the person who was in the women’s shower.  To make matters worst, there was another person ahead of me. The men’s shower was empty. It was a nice outdoors shower with three shower heads.  I went in, figuring that I had my bathing suite on and if anyone came in I would announce the fact that I was in there.  Sure enough in walks Russ.  We ended up chatting away while showering (in our suits, let me be clear on that) and even shared shampoo and body soap. That was the beginning of our friendship and a story that we loved telling people because when they heard that I was in the men’s shower their minds immediately start wandering.  So we always giggled when we told our “how we met story.”

Now, onwards with the Halva recipe!


3 cups flour

2 sticks  butter

1 1/4 cups sugar

1 1/4 cups rose water

a pinch saffron, ground

1 1/3 cup water

Slived pistachios


Place sugar and water in a sauce pan and bring to a boil.  Remove from heat and add rose water and ground saffron. Set aside to cool down


Melt butter in a non-stick pot.


Add flour.


Let the flour brown on low heat making sure that you constantly stir so that it won’t burn. Think of this part of this recipe as the first stage of making Bechamel sauce or better known as Roux.  It is imperative that you stay on top of it. The color of the flour will gradually change to a light brown and also you will start smelling the cooked flour. This will take a while, so be patient.


Once the flour is ready pour the syrup over it.


Remove from hear and make sure that the roux and syrup are mixed well together. If it is too dry add 1/4 of cup of water to it.


You will notice that the mixture has the consistency of a paste. Place paste in a dish and flatten it out with the back of a spoon.  Decorate the edges as shown above by pressing the back of the spoon onto the paste.  With the edge of the spoon make gentle indentations and then sprinkle with slivered pistachios. It takes a little practice to make the shape look nice.


This recipe was enough for two platters: a big one as seen above, and a medium one seen in the first picture and the one above this one. Also the picture above was the first platter that I decorated. The second one definitely looks better.

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{ 31 comments… read them below or add one }

Nooschi October 25, 2009 at 5:04 am

I just stumbled upon your blog, and I have to say that it is quite impressive. I am sorry about your friend’s death, and I’m sure it was hard to write about it.
Thank you for your recipes and I will be visiting often.

My Persian Kitchen October 25, 2009 at 6:42 pm

Nooschi, Good to hear you stumbled upon my site! Thanks for your kind words. I came across your blog a short while ago and love the food, pictures, and the name is genius! :)

Shohreh October 31, 2009 at 12:03 am

My condolences for your dear friend. Thank you for sharing the story. Just one comment regarding the Persian funeral. The typical Muslim funeral are as you described but other religion ceremonies like Bahai funerals are always accompanied by music, singing and chanting as Bahais believe that music is uplifting and is a ladder to the soul.

Maryam November 8, 2009 at 12:24 am

Sorry to hear about your friend. Thank you for sharing that with us–very touching…

tasteofbeirut December 6, 2009 at 10:14 am

I enjoyed reading your post even though it was about a sad event in your life. This man sounds like such a gentle soul.
By the way, your halvah looks picture-perfect!

My Persian Kitchen December 7, 2009 at 10:55 am

Tasteofbeirut, you are super sweet. I really liked the color of the Halvah, it wasn’t too dark or too light!!

Kris Ghassemi January 4, 2010 at 3:35 pm

Hi There,

I have tried making halvah 4 times as of now, my husband says its still not the right color or texture..but at least he thought the flavor was dead on this time.

I have tried several recipes , is their some kind of trick to get the mixture to be almost slimy like instead of cake like….you can still feel the flour morsels….the one his mom made you cannot feel the flour texture at all …smooth as silk


My Persian Kitchen January 4, 2010 at 9:22 pm

Kris, I am going to assume that you have made my recipe and it didn’t turn out.
A few things, the type of flour and butter or oil that you use can make a difference. I was recently talking to someone who told me that she uses whole wheat flour, therefore hers comes out darker. A good halvah indeed should not taste like raw flour or should be lumpy. Try to cook the flour as long as possible until you smell a nut like aroma. Once you mix it with the syrup things get a little hard, but keep at it and add some hot water a little at a time if the paste is too dry. Try to make it as smooth as possible. Also remember that it will look and feel slightly different when you lay it out on a plate. I hope this helps. Let me know how it all works out for you. :)

Kris January 4, 2010 at 10:59 pm


Actually I stumbled upon this blog after I have made it, I have made the recipe in the book New Food of Life by Najmieh Batmanglij…that one came horrible….my husband kept telling me his mom uses special flour but the recipe said to just use regular flour.

When I went to the local Persian Grocery..the owner’s wife gave me her recipe which was totally different than the cookbook..which I might add is similiar but there are significant differences to yours.

Besides that I have done research on the internet and some people toast flower and then add butter and oil and some people add the flour to the butter and oil…I have a feeling that one of these might create a smoother halva than the other….the all butter recipes make the halva too cakey…this current recipe called for 1/2 cup butter and 1 cup of oil to 2 cups of flour and 2 cups sugar to 2 cups of saffron , rose water and cardamon ….their are so many versions and I am just trying to get it to where he likes it..

I am going to try your Kotlet recipe this weekend….it was a childhood favorite of my husbands…keep your fingers crossed !!!!


My Persian Kitchen January 4, 2010 at 11:33 pm

Oh my Kris, what an adventure. Don’t give up though! Try making mine and see what happens. I don’t really know what else to tell you. Making Kotlet is going to be a breeze compared to what you went through with halvah!! Keep me posted! :)

Kris January 9, 2010 at 4:21 pm

Thanks…its been somewhat tricky….I am american and my husband is Iranian…so I have been teaching myself many of the dishes….trial and error have been my best teacher….and a very honest husband….my gormeh sabzi is dead on most days…my ashe reshteh was dead on out the gate…Kufteh and Koo Koo and egglant bademjan and ghemeh are right on…Lubia Polow..still comes a bit dry at times….and by Bagali Polow ( screwing up all the spellings but I am trying to get dinner going and posting at the same time before my 5 year old comes downstairs….I am trying the halvah again tonight minus the saffron…its killing me to throw it in trash over and over again…so once I get consistency down pat I will make a fresh one with Saffron…hoping to make Kotlet tomorrow…

My Persian Kitchen January 10, 2010 at 11:15 pm

Kris, you go girl! Let me know what happens with the Halvah this time around! :)

Karen May 25, 2010 at 10:53 pm

I’m very glad I found your blog through a link from Azita’s blog Tumeric & Saffron. And I am so sorry to hear about the loss of your friend. I also unexpectedly lost a dear friend to Crohn’s Disease a few months ago so I feel your pain. :(

I was wondering if halvah is something that can be mailed. I’m looking for something I can send to my friend (also named Azita) & her husband and daughter. I usually send them American baked goods like cookies or cake, but I would love to surprise them with something Persian. She just got back from a visit to her family in Tehran & sent me some of the best gaz I’ve ever had. Now I’m wanting to find a good pastry or candy recipe that will ship well so I can return the favor (& the weight!) ;)

Karen May 25, 2010 at 10:56 pm

Oh my goodness, I totally bypassed the part where you said halvah is usually associated with funerals in Iran! I guess I don’t want to send halvah to my friends then! Oops! :)

My Persian Kitchen May 25, 2010 at 11:24 pm

Karen, thank you for your kind words. I would not suggest mailing halvah as it’s delicate and can go bad.

Mubeena August 11, 2010 at 12:44 am

i loooooove Halvaaaaaaa !!! cant resist it …
though its not weight friendly ;P

ooh ,, guess i have to go and make some :D

thanks for this beatuiful blog Chef …

Lulu December 19, 2010 at 9:45 pm

Great blog! I love halvah. Do you happen to have a recipe for sohan?

My Persian Kitchen December 20, 2010 at 9:11 am

Lulu, I have never made sohan before, but I will put it on my list of requests to make it!

sarah January 4, 2011 at 10:30 pm

I really enjoy your site- just found it and truly was sucked in. That was a great writeup about your friend. Unfortunately, the video at the end does not work. I’m looking forward to seeing and trying more of your recipes.

My Persian Kitchen January 6, 2011 at 11:40 am

Sarah, welcome! Thank you for your kind words. Darn, I am so bummed the guy removed the video. It was hilarious!

Leila Hauck February 20, 2011 at 11:15 am

The color of this halva is definitely not all the way done! Looks too light! A good and tasty halva should be darkish brown.

Ahluuul July 3, 2011 at 3:39 am

My condolences on the loss of your friend.

Your halva looks exactly like my friend used to make. She made it with butter and it never tasted floury either. I’m trying to rack my brain to think what she used to sweeten it…I really think it was honey. I know she melted the butter, added the flour however I can’t remember when she added the saffron (maybe into the butter?) or what she used to sweeten it. Sorry just thinking out loud…

Btw, I do think all the exaggerated crying like is mentioned above at Mid-Eastern funerals all a put on act to show everyone who loved the deceased more – my Persian friends told me that you can even rent-a-crowd to do all the crying so people would think the deceased was so widely loved! And the funny thing is it’s not even Islamic to wail, moan, beat oneself, tear clothing etc yet some people do it. It would seem to a child very disturbing indeed!

Coco February 7, 2012 at 2:32 pm

Beautiful recipe. Love making this. Brings back happy memories of my childhood in Iran. Thanks!

Dawn March 5, 2012 at 1:06 pm

I am so sorry to hear about your friend.

The recipe above does not indicate the quantity of rosewater required “1 1/4 rose water”. I would appreciate it if you could please let me know how much you use.

Merci. Khayli Mamoon.

Devon December 24, 2012 at 11:29 pm

I just tried this recipe and everything went well until I added the syrup. Instead of a paste I got a soup! I continued to stir on low heat but I never got to a consistency that matched the pictures. I followed the recipe and directions exactly so I am not sure what went wrong. I’d like to try this again for my boyfriend’s family, he is half Persian and I love cooking for them.

My Persian Kitchen March 13, 2013 at 1:38 pm

Devon, I am not sure what happened as I have not had this issue before…

jay April 16, 2013 at 11:29 am

Hi can i skip the saffron and butter?

My Persian Kitchen April 24, 2013 at 4:19 pm

Jay, no as they are important elements of this recipe.

Kimmy June 24, 2013 at 4:34 am

Could you please clarify the amount of rosewater used? 1 1/4 teaspoon? Or tablespoon? Thank you very much!

maryam July 18, 2013 at 4:48 pm

OMG you forgot to write 1 1/4 (??????) rose water…cup? what? for a beginner like me I’ve tried 3 of ur recipes so far (kuku sabzi, ash reshteh, kofteh berenji, and about to make halva) and they all burned or tasted like crap except the ash that was a miracle…it’s not you, it’s me…i know it.

My mom’s recipes never have measurements and she’s far away in Nevada at work all the time while I am in California newly married and can’t even call her and i thought i could get help here but i just hate myself for not being able to make things i CRAVE *CRIES*

I hate how i am craving momon bozorgi things!

My Persian Kitchen July 26, 2013 at 11:02 am

Maryam, oops my bad! I am sorry your food burned. Don’t give me. I have burned many things before I got them right!!! :)

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